What exactly is a Trigger Point or, Myofascial Trigger Points (TrP)? They are simply a firm, tangible, tender spot found in any given muscle group with symptoms including deep, aching pain, numbness, inflammation and a loss of range of motion. Many people would compare these spots to knots. In my practice, I see these occur primarily in the back/neck and Gluteal Muscles, but they can be found on any muscle in the body. These “knots” are also frequently accompanied by referred pain. Referral Pain is pain that is felt elsewhere from where the source is. For example, if I was applying pressure to a tender Trigger Point in the Lower Back of a client, they may also feel that tender pain occurring in their Hamstring.
There are several causes for these painful spots:
- Over-training and/or improper form
- Muscle weakness
- Car Accident
- Poor Diet
- Beginning a new exercise program
- Emotional and/or physical trauma
- Insomnia/sleep disorders
Trigger Point Therapy has become very popular since its first use in 1843. Dr. F. Froriep, a German Physician, found tender spots, which he named “muscle callouses” in the muscles of his patients. He discovered that treating these specific spots brought immense relief. There has been a lot of research on this issue since, but the most recent and well-respected is from Janet G. Travell M.D. and David G. Simons M.D. Dr. Travell worked with terminally ill patients. She found that her patients complained more of and had more concerns with the pain instead of the serious illness that was being treated. She dedicated her practice to pain syndromes and alleviating patients’ specific pain.
Trigger point massage therapy is specifically designed to alleviate the source of the pain through cycles of isolated pressure and release. In this type of massage for trigger point therapy, the recipient actively participates through deep breathing as well as identifying the exact location and intensity of the discomfort.
The results and benefits of trigger point massage are releasing contracted areas in the muscles thus alleviating pain. You can experience a significant decrease in pain after just one treatment. Receiving massage with trigger point therapy regularly can help naturally manage pain and stress from chronic injuries.
Self Massage – Trigger Points – http://saveyourself.ca/tutorials/trigger-points.php